Jur River County, Western Bahr el Ghazal State South Sudan

Executive Summary

Wash Project image collage

This is a presentation of the need assessment report of the WASH assessment conducted by Christian Action for Relief and Development (CARD) and Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) led by CARD. The assessment survey was conducted in the former six Payams of Jur River County of Western Bahr-el-Ghazal, in South Sudan—Roch Roch Dong, Kuajieno, Marial Baai, Wau Baai, Udici and Kangi Payams. The survey was conducted from 16th to 20th of May 2018, by a CARD staff and two personnel from NCA (Driver and WASH Officer). The purpose of the survey assessment was to assess the areas that need Emergency WASH response, identify areas that have no access to sufficient quantity of safe drinking water in the most affected returnees community of Jur River County and to  identified the GBV cases during and after the conflict.  Again to assess the community and schools access to hygiene facilities (latrines) and the use of hygiene items/ facility as well as key hygiene practices by the community & schools in Jur River County and finally to identify  households that were affected by recent conflict ( house burnt and looted) with no shelters and cooking utensils for the purpose of analysis the situation whether it’s appropriate to response or not  and if so then  the organization should start planning  to  mobilize  resources and response accordingly and effectively in target areas.

Key Findings

Sanitary kits to the target groups. The assessment indicated that there is high need for sanitary kits or dignity kits to be provided to the mature school girls and conflict affected returnees’ women.

Lack of Latrines in Schools, market places and in the host community. The assessment has revealed that the latrines is general  issue in  schools, marketplaces, in the community at the same time the issue of sanitation and hygiene promotion are huge problem in all areas that were covered.

Broken handpumps and Drilling. The assessment survey has shown that many handpumps have been destroyed during the conflict so far 68 Handpumps are down and need rehabilitation while in some places there are no safe and clean water point at all, like schools, PHCC PHCU and in the host community.

Returnees. The assessment survey showed that 10,854 IDPs have returned homes and they are staying with their relatives or hosted by other member of the families and friends. Out of this number 1,150 households only have been supported by World Concern Organization while they rest didn’t received any support.

Capacity building on Hygiene Promotion and Sanitation to the target group is huge problem. Based on our assessment survey, it was found that the target groups have low capacity in sanitation and hygiene is a general issue both at personal level and in community in all areas assessed.

Income Generating Activities and employment

Income generating activities  emerge during the assessment survey, they returnees farmers expressed their confident  and willingness to  re-engage in agriculture for food security while some returnees who came from Wau requested income generating activities to be introduced to them like tailoring, vegetable production, bakery and small business funding where they can have some income to support families.

Gender Based Violence. The assessment survey indicated that the issue of gender based violent is a matter of great concern. In all areas that were assessed a number of women and young girls were sexually abused, 39 rape cases were reported to the local authority.

Prioritize intervention based on pressing needs in affected areas and affected population. The assessment indicated that there are gaps and needs in all areas but needs should be prioritized particularly on Emergency WASH Facility and NFIs provision, community awareness campaign on hygiene and sanitation in the areas of Rocroc Dong, Kuajieno, Wau Baai and Marial Baai to be prioritised first for emergency WASH and NFIs response. Then the other two Payam; Kangi and Udici will be considered in the second phase of the intervention.

Background Information

The former Western Bahr el Ghazal state was divided into three counties mainly Wau, Raja and Jur River County. Jur River county is one of the most  affected by Intercommunal conflict erupted in 2017 between the cattle keepers which resulted into killing, raping and displacement of hundreds of thousands of  people and the infrastructure left destructed or destroyed.

The county is occupied by two communities, the two ethnic communities include the Dinka and the Luo who are the majority occupying the biggest part of the county. The Luo ethnically with their social economic activities are predominantly agriculturalists and hunters, while the Dinka are mainly cattle keepers.

The population is estimated to be 241,762 people and areas 10,044KM. The County lies in the ironstone plateau agro-ecological zone with thick, tall grasses and sparse forest trees. The ironstone plateau is predominantly an agricultural area. Wild foods, particularly shea-butter nut, game and honey are common, together with fishing. The main rainfall season in Jur River County falls between June and November.

Household’s food economy in the area mainly consists of own production (long term and short term sorghum, Sesame, groundnuts and varieties of indigenous vegetables), goat, sheep, chicken and fish) and wild food (fruits, roots, leaves and honey at small scale).

The county is divided into 6 payams namely Kangi, Roch Roch Dong, Kuajieno, Udici, Marial Baai, and Wau Baai and 34 Bomas and 157 villages which are scatters across the county. The assessment was carried out in all six payams, with emphasised on the areas that were affected by the recent communal conflict of 2017 between the farmers (the Luo) and the cattle keepers (the Dinka) and among the Dinka sub Tribe Dinka-Apuk of Gogrial and Dinka Aguok of Gogrial, Dinka-Kwaja of Wau community which led displacement of thousands of Internally Displace Persons in Western Bahr el Ghazal State and areas which were classified as water insecure. Returnees have no shelters, where there are rape cases, lack of sanitation & hygiene facilities like latrines and areas where IDPs had returned since the security is beginning to normalise.

Purpose of the Assessment 

The purpose of this assessment was to collect data and information about the areas that were affected by the recent communal conflict in 2017 and classified as water insecure as result of conflict and to understand the situation of returnees who don’t have shelters, in addition to rape cases, lack of sanitation & hygiene facilities like latrines and areas where IDPs had returned since the security situation is beginning to normalise and to identify the gaps and needs that exists in those target areas among the returnees in order to respond effectively.

The objectives of this assessment aim to:

  • To identify areas that need Emergency WASH response in Jur River County.
  • Help implementing partner (CARD) and Donor organisation (NCA) in planning and writing of proposal for Emergency Wash Project for Jur River County.
  • Identify areas that have no access to sufficient quantity of safe drinking water in the most affected community of Jur River County in order to respond accordingly.
  • Identify the community and schools which have no access to hygiene facilities (latrines) and the use of hygiene items/ facility and key hygiene practices by the community & schools in Jur River County for proper response.
  • Identify households that were affected by recent conflict (burnt, looted and evacuated houses) and those returnees with no shelters and cooking utensils in Jur River County in order to provide them with NFI items.
  • Identified the GBV cases during and after the conflict in Jur River County in order to respond accordingly.

Concrete expected results of the assessment, leading to the achievement of this objective are: asking specific questions. Interview stakeholders in focus discussion groups and key informative interview, direct observation collect the data, analyse the data and writing assessment report of the findings.

Methods and Approach

Focus group discussion (FGDs). The assessment team gathered information through focus groups discussion who were selected from the community which include women, elders, youth representatives and returnees. The aim of involved them [the returnee, community leaders. Youth and women representative] is to explore an overall general information and understand their issues or more information about their problems and challenges facing them.

Key Informative interview. Key informant interview was used to obtain qualitative information on the need and gaps existing in the target areas. The key leaders who were interviewed include: Executive chief, local government officials, teachers, PTAs members, public health officers and county education directors/supervisors and gender representatives to get more about the needs and challenges facing women in the affected /target areas.

Direct Observation. Observation of the affected schools and population was also conducted alongside other data collection methods. the conditions of school environments (such as infrastructure, classrooms and learning materials) school latrines, water points had been observed in addition observed to the public places there are no latrines and water point some are in good conditions others need rehabilitation it was also noted that in other areas there are returnees particular in Kuajieno and Roch Roch dong payam who have no shelters and cooking utensils.

Document Review (previous assessment)

The assessment teams reviewed some of the previous documents done in the target areas and compared this with the present information. It was learned that there was  a difference with the previous information gathered and some of the hand pumps that were assessed are still not yet repaired while other were repaired.

Taking notes during interview- the assessment took notes during interviews, these notes became the reference point where this document was generated from.

Field Mission

The assessment survey includes interviews with current key Payam administrators, community leaders and other stakeholder. The mission to the field took 5 days.

Work Plan

The 5 days’ work plan for the WASH assessment was prepared prior to the assessment and shared with NCA.


Data Analysis and Interpretation

Table 1: Assessment on handpumps conditions

S/N Name of Payam No of Functioning  handpumps No. of broken handpumps Total of handpumps
1 Roch Roch Dong 12 11 23
2 Marial Baai 20 12 32
3 Udici 14 7 21
4 Kangi 12 12 24
5 Kuajieno 12 18 30
6 Wau Baai 10 8 18
Total 80 68 148

The prevailing health situation in Jur River County is deteriorating due to lack of access to clean drinking water and poor hygiene and sanitation practices. The tribal conflict didn’t result to loss of lives only but also had destroyed properties which include the broken of handpumps and many others, in the table above out 148 handpumps which were assessed 68 handpumps are completely broken down they require immediate action. As security is normalising many IDPs are expected to return homes, good number of IDPs have already started returning  back to their homes, this explain that something need to be done urgently so that they returnees wouldn’t feel water scarcity in their area .  Currently the host community and returnees are using water from unsafe drinking sources as coping mechanism, since there are no reliable sources to provide the community with clean and safe water.

This condition has the potential to cause epidemic diseases outbreak like cholera, typhoid, dysentery and others if action is not taken.

A damaged water pump needing repair

Access to clean and safe drinking water is a necessity for any community to be and remain healthy. CARD and NCA overall objective is to promote basic hygiene and sanitation standards and to provide safe and clean water to the returnees and vulnerable host community in affected areas. Another form of setback is the unavailability of sufficient water containers especially among the returnee’s community and host community. It is desirable that permanent and water treatment systems are put in place. Since this is a long term projection, it is our desire to train water management committee on the aspect of project ownership, maintenance skills, and sustainability this skills will enable community sustain project.

 Table: 2. Assessment on Schools latrines & water point  

S/N Name of Payam No of School School With latrines School without latrines School with water point School without water point
Roch Roch dong 43 3 40 9 34
Kangi 20 4 16 7 13
Kuajieno 30 8 22 11 19
Udici 14 6 8 8 6
Marial Baai 17 12 5 12 5
Wau Baai
Total 94 33 91 47 77

The reconstruction of schools is very important to enable returnee children populations to resume their normal studies in conductive and health environment. From the table above, the sanitation situation in the schools is alarming out 94 schools assessed only 3 schools have latrines and 91 schools don’t have latrines, this is the same case with issue of water point in 94 schools that were assessed only 47 schools have water point while the 77 schools are without water point this statistic assessment data it explain the extremely challenging facing the learners. In this scenarios the most vulnerable individuals are children and young girls. These categories are vulnerable. They cannot fend for themselves and are unable to access the already limited available sanitation resources.

On the other hand, they walk long distances to fetch water that is even unsafe for human consumption. This exposes the girls to sexual abuse during such journeys. What is more worrying, and the payam have very limited reliable water to provide clean water. It is feared that once there are no immediate interventions the pupils will continue to remain very vulnerable to the death agents. This call for immediate intervention to construct school latrines and the provision of hand washing facilities, water point are issues of priority.

 Table 3: Assessed latrines in public areas (Market place)

Name of Markets  Payam No. of markets Market with latrines Market without latrines Market with water point Market without water point
Roc Roc Dong 6 0 6 0 0
Kuajieno 8 3 5 3 5
3. Marial Baai 4 0 4 1 4
4 Wau Baai 3 0 3
5. Udici 5 0 5 0 5
6. Kangi 4 0 4 2 1
Total 27 0 27

The affected returnee’s population to host communities have impediment sufficient public, general access to public services, like latrines, health services, and school to ensure their health, dignity, safety and well-being is huge problem. The table above highlight the need for public latrines, in all the markets that were assessed, as matter of fact there was no single market found had public toilet this is very sad, common sense tell you these people defect in open area and that is the fear, It is feared that open defecation cause outbreak diseases on one hand there is water point in most of the market that were accessed. The nature of sanitation therefore is complicated by lack of access to clean drinking water and this will cause the incidence to water-borne diseases, like cholera, Guinea warm, typhoid, diarrhoea and many others particular during rainy season. See below stream community used for drinking.

This well needs a cover

Further still, the high influx of returnees from Wau to the villages has made the already inadequate services worrying.  It has been noted that women are facing problems of menstruation material disposal due to the limited number of pit latrines, and in other cases, their absence.

There is also no water for anal cleansing after defecation. The community in these areas obtains drinking water from either boreholes, or spring sources which are contaminated, the same source provides water to animals is use by human being, what is unfortunate; these water sources are not located in close proximity to all the communities markets. They are walking distance which is already danger for women as women are vulnerable to such situation, in addition to that lack of sanitation and hygiene sensitisation is another challenge.

The prevailing health situation in marketplace is deteriorating because of a lack of access to sound social amenities, such as clean and safe water sources and toilets reinforce poor hygiene and sanitation practices. There are scanty latrines in all market that were assessed.

The community and the returnees have failed to maintain proper hygiene and sanitation practices. Several lives have so far been claimed. It is the sincere intent of the WASH project to reduce mortality and morbidity rates in this part of the world, to improve life, social esteem and development to the people who have been pitied by decades of wars and counter wars. It is important to note that in the long run its women who suffer most, rape and sexual harassment don’t just happen, they are reinforce by other factors, and one of those is environment.  Women feel shame being seen by others compare to men, this force them to walk for distance areas which they are prone for ambush and rape, and the provision of public toilets, water point and communal hand-washing stations in the market places will address several issues related to women abuse.

 Table 4: assessment survey on Gender based Violent

S/N Name of Payam Number of rape cases recorded
1 Kangi No cases reported
2 Roch Roch Dong 8
3 Marial Baai 19
4 Wau Baai 6
5 Udici No cases reported
6 Kuajieno 6
Total 39

The issue of Gender Based Violent in Jur River County is matter of concern, in all areas or payam assessed with exception of Kangi and Udici; 39 cases of rape have been reported to local authority. Most of this cases are those ones which proprietor caught in every act of raping women.

Our common sense tell us in the context of South Sudan (cultural sensitive) majority of women believe to fear in revealing such information because of stigmatisation, shame, cultural belief and divorce. So, it is possible that number of rape cases could be more than these, taking into account there is low awareness on the issues of gender based violent in Jur River in general and lack of reporting system mechanism is not in place to trace this kind of behaviour out, there may be more cases not reported to local authority, if reported any not action taken, the abused person may not be interesting to report such incidents.

In addition to that it was difficult to established the number of cases related to force marriage, by the way force & earlier  marriage is  very common practice among  the two  communities practices  because their  culture allowed, hence this open window for different type of abuses in the family.

Our finding reaffirmed that the issue of Gender based violent is pressing issue that intervention in 4 payam where issue of cases rape was reported. The need to create awareness and training community leaders and church leaders who normal meet with big number of persons, is answer to this crisis. Final to provide counselling to those who already raped, abused sexually, physically and psychological.

Table 5: Assessment on Shelter and settlement for Returnees

Payam  Roch Roch Dong Returnees Households No. household supported House burned/destroyed Organization supported
Village Dhiem Akuel 117 117 Need to be supported
Korjamus 113 113
Nyikijo 1900 1900
Payam Kuajieno
Village Umbili 2400 2400 No support
Kuajieno Centre 1150 1150 1150 World Concern
Payam Marial Baai
Villages Guau 194 194 Need to be supported with NFIs and latrines and training in hygiene and sanitation
 Awod 97 97
Aguar 279 279
 Tharkweng 1250 1250
Manyang 150 150
Adet 300 300
Nyinalek 200 200
Gieric 107 107
Payam Wau Baai
Villages Malou 900 900 Need NFIs and WASH facilities
Nyinakook 570 570
Mabior Abiem 460 460
Achong Chong 670 670
Total 9704

According to the table shown above, 10,854 IDPs have returned homes; Out of this number 1,150 households have been supported by World Concern Organization with NFIs and 9,704 households need an assistance. According to the information gathered some of these returnees are staying with other family members or people with whom they share historical, religious or other ties while others struggled on their own for shelter and food.  Assistance for such hosting may include support to expand or adapt an existing host family shelter and facilities to accommodate the returnee’s household, or the provision of an additional separate shelter adjacent to the host family. Shelter support items can include tents, plastic sheets and toolkits, building materials and temporary or transitional shelters using materials that can be reused as part of permanent shelters. Manual or specialist labour, either voluntary or contracted, may also be required, as well as technical guidance on appropriate building techniques. The use of cash or vouchers to promote the use of local supply chains and resources should be considered, to low the cost and involve community in the project. In addition to shelters there is need to support the affected population with cooking kits, mosquito nets and some others tools for clearing their compound. The condition of returnees is that majority homes have been burned down to ashes and their properties are either stolen or destroyed by unknown people. With coming of the rain the vulnerable whose houses have been burned will be attacked by mosquitoes and rain.  Intervene now will prevent disease outbreak, malaria, and suffering from rainfall.

Table 6: assessment on public health facilities

S/N Payam PHCC PHCU With latrine Without latrine With water point Without water point
1 Roc Roc Dong 1 3 1 2 3 0
2 Kuajieno 2 6 8 0 8 0
3 Udici 3 6 5 4 6 3
4 Kangi 1 8 2 7 3 6
5 Marial Baai 2 2 3 1 3 1
6 Wau Baai 2 1 2 1 2 1
Total 11 26 21 15 25 11

As IDPs started returning back homes their health become major concern: Access to healthcare is a critical determinant for survival in the initial stages of disaster, their surrounding environment, access to safe and clean water and personal hygiene are matter of concern.  Disasters almost always have significant impacts on the public health and well-being of affected populations (returnees). Returnees in some case suffer in many different ways particular their health but everyone has the right to health, as enshrined in a number of international legal instruments. Our common goal therefore, is to provide essential health services at the appropriate level of the health system including preventive and promote interventions that are effective in reducing health risks, to ensure that people have equal access to effective, safe and quality health services.

Base on the assessment the issue of hygiene and sanitation in public health services in Jur River county is matter of great concern, there is a need for repairing some of the PHCU and PHCC that were destroyed during conflict, some of these public health centre don’t even have latrines and water points, however, there is a great need to provide some of the PHCC and PHCU with water point and WASH facilities, latrines as it become hard for the patient to find the source of water  from far distance, it is also good to provide some of this health facilities with latrines as it is far better to have latrines in every health facility. In addition; our assessment has underlined that the issue of capacity building of community health worker (CHWs) in those areas is very weak. Hence, there is need to train them (Community health workers) in issues to do with hygiene and sanitation to assist in the facilitation and awareness of the community about the importance of hygiene and sanitation.

Challenges during the assessment (Time, Rainfall and Vast area)

During the assessment there were some challenges which were encountered for example some areas were not access due to time factors. In addition to that due heavy rainfall some places couldn’t be reached. Taking into account the vast of the area, Jur River is very large and that make it impossible to cover it in such short period.


Action Plan Recommendation

The assessment survey was intended to identify the WASH needs and the gaps that exist among the returnees and the host community of Jur River County in order to plans and mobilize resources to respond accordingly based on the priority needs identified in the community.   The assessment survey methodology approach used to achieve goal was through focus group discussion, key informative interview and direct observation.  This assessment survey recommend the following items to the funding donor and implementing partner to undertake to address the needs.

Intervention approach should be divided into two Phase 1 & 2. Phase one 3 months and phase 4 months, this is based on our assessment, we have learnt for effective implementation and for the purpose of geographical covering.  It is not practical to carry out all the activities within short period because locations are many and the need and gaps exist in those target areas require enough time. Hence we recommend that the intervention should be divided into two phases, phase 1 and phase 2. We assessed implementing partner in term of logistic availability, but CARD has little logistic capacity in term of movability, it has only one vehicle; we recommend that implementing partner to hire vehicle for the smooth running of project.

Provision of sanitary kits to the target groups

The assessment indicated that there is high need for sanitary kits or dignity kits to be provided to the mature school girls and conflict affected returnees’ women.  No WASH partner had given support in this area before; thus, why there is great need for dignity kits. Assessment team; therefore, recommends to support school mature girls at the poverty age and vulnerable returnee young women with sanitary pads. Provision of such kits will contribute to improve young women and school girls’ self-hygiene. Because there are many schools in need of this sanitary pads we recommend that this activities to be continued to   phase 2 in the areas which were not covered in the phase 1.

Construction and Rehabilitation of School and Public Latrines in the host community and the returnees occupied areas

The assessment has revealed that the issue of latrines, school hygiene promotion and community hygiene promotion are huge problem in all areas that were covered. Most people in the areas assessed defecates in an open areas. Some health centres, schools, local institution and all markets places assessed lack latrines hence, there is need to construct latrines particular in schools and public places like market, public health centres.  In the Schools where there are no latrines pupils defected near schools this is the same thing happening in the community now with the influx of returnees in the villages the sanitation situation in the community has become extremely challenging. Waste management both in schools, marketplaces, public health centres and community is common problem for all, the construction of latrines and the provision of hand washing facilities, capacity building are issues of priority. These activities require to be tackled in all phases in different areas.

These are some of the latrines that need repair

There is also need to rehabilitate fingering number of latrines in different schools which were assessed in Jur River county need rehabilitation as shown in the picture above.

Rehabilitation of Broken Hand Pumps and Drilling.

The assessment survey has shown that many hand pumps have been destroyed during the conflict while in some places there are no safe and clean water point at all like schools, PHCC, PHCU and in the host community. There is great need to rehabilitate those hand pumps which were destroyed during the conflict period. But since the number of broken hand pumps are  very many(68 broken boreholes), we recommend that this activity need to be address in phase 1 and continue  to phase  2 in order to repair most of the worsen area that are in dire need of safe and clean water.

This is because the areas where there are such needs are vast across the county and priority different as well as taking into account the time factor. The assessment shown there are some areas need water point both in the community area and schools. Therefore we recommend that such places were identified during assessment lack water there is need to drilling new hand pumps in the areas identified having no water points is one factor the assessment team has recommended.

Provision of NFIs to returnees. The assessment found out that most of returnees that have decided to return to their respective homes are either staying with their relatives or hosted by other member of the families and friends. Majority of returnees didn’t receive any NFIs support from any organization except World Concern organization which gave support to some few returnees in Kuajieno centres despite  several appealed have been made by RRC in target areas pleading for the humanitarian support but there was no action taken in respond to the appeal.

There is still huge gap and need to be filled as per our assessment is concerned. What is even worrying is that many IDPs are still coming as security continue to normalize. The more we expect many to return homes the more we therefore recommend the urgent provision of NFIs to returnees particularly mosquito nets, cooking utensils or saucepans, water Jerry can, Filters, kits, Blankets, mats and plastic sheets for shelter, to support vulnerable households who are currently staying in relative’s houses and those struggling for on their own, this activity need to be addressed in all the phases (1 and 2) since people are still arriving into those areas. The host community are affected indirectly so here is a dire need to assist them as well.

Capacity building on the importance of Hygiene Promotion and Sanitation to the Target Group.

Based on our assessment survey, we have found that the target groups have low capacity in sanitation and hygiene is a general issue both at personal level and in community in all areas assessed.  The need to build the capacity of target groups is evidenced at personal level and in the public places as the assessment team witnessed individual defecating in an open place near the market and a naked young boy sits on the mouth of water Jerry can in present of parents and non-had reacted to that behaviour.

Sanitation and hygiene training are needed

Hence, we recommend that these individuals need help to develop and promote good hygiene practices. Particular attention need to be given to training of women as hygiene promoters,  form and training community hygiene promoters, form and train school hygiene clubs, water management committees, community health workers. These in turn will influence the whole community at large to adopt good hygiene practices.  The beneficiaries will become aware of key hygiene messages. This will also enable CARD to map the areas that are covered by hygiene promoters in order to identify any gaps and fill them. 

Prioritise intervention based on pressing needs in affected areas and affected population

The response to areas assessed need to be prioritised based on the priority need assessment found during community need survey. The intervention should address those needs which are urgent to affected populations and in the most affected areas. Should there be many activities that need a dire and an immediate response the minor ones should adjourned to phase 2.

The assessment recommend that the immediate response should be prioritize to Emergency WASH Facility and NFIs provision as well as community awareness campaign on hygiene and sanitation. The assessment recommend the location such as; Rocroc Dong, Kuajieno, Wau baai and Marial Baai to be prioritised first for emergency WASH and NFIs response and capacity building if the project get funding. Other areas under Udici and Kangi (former payam) should be in the second phase of intervention. But Rehabilitation of Hand pumps is a general condition for all the payam of Jur River County. The intervention should be uniform.

Income Generating Activities and Employment

Cross cutting issues that arose during the assessment in Jur River County is that the returnees farmers expressed their confident that the situation has now stabilised. According to the respondents, they are now prepared to re-engage in agriculture for food security, they have sufficient access to fields and other means of production (manure, implements, draught animals) as well as they are secure enough that they can successfully cultivate on their farms unfortunately the issues of seeds, tools and equipment was found to be the major challenge affecting them [the returnee] and that is why most of them didn’t cultivate enough.

While some IDPs who came from Wau requested income generating activities to be introduced to them like tailoring, bakery and small business funding where they can have some income generation and be self-employed. Hence the assessment team recommended that the implementation of such intervention to will help returnees and host community to cope up with life.

Gender Based Violence

The assessment conducted shown that gender Based violent is a really issue in Jur River County in all areas payam assessed 39 cases raped have been reported to local authority except Udici and Kangi. Most of this cases are those ones which proprietor caught in very act of raping women, it’s possible there are number such cases, like defilement, force marriage which are not report due culture sensitivity and stigmatisation. We recommend that community awareness should be conduct, tracing or report rape cases should be established and cases management.


Annex 1. Acronyms

CARD: Christian Action for Relief and Development

NCA: Norwegian Church Aid

NFIs: Non-food Items

WBG: Western Bahr el Ghazal State

PHCC: Primary Health Care Centre

PHCU: Primary Health Care Unit

GBV: Gender Base Violent

IDPs: Internally Displaced Persons | People

RRC: Relief and Rehabilitation Commission

CHWs: Community Health Workers

CHPs: Community Hygiene Promoters

WASH: Water Hygiene and Sanitation

PTA: Parent Teachers Association

Annex 2. Name of Markets Covered by the assessment team

Payam. Roch Roch Dong
Markets names
Payam. Kuajieno
Markets Name
Payam: Marial Baai
Marial Baai
Payam : Wau Baai
Achong cong
Payam: Udici
Payam: Kangi

Annex 3: Name of Data collection.

S/no. Names in full Responsibility Organisation
1. Santino Madut Uchalla Data collector CARD
2. Anthony Zacharia Lual Data collector CARD
3. William Thieu Garang Guiding and supervision NCA
4. Franco Akoon Driver NCA
5. Riak Madut Angok Writing & data analysis CARD
6. Andrew Apiny Macham Writing & data analysis CARD

Annex 4. Assessment Work Plan.



DAY 1     


( 17/05/2018)

11:00 AM TO 4:30 PM  



1.       MAYEN AMETH
3.       UDANGKIDO
4.       AKOROK
5.       KORJAMUS
6.       BARUBONG
7.       KUANYA
8.       ACHOT
9.       ACHANA







( 18/05/2018)

8:30 AM TO 4:30 PM  






1.       DHIAJ
2.       KUAJIENA
4.       AKUOYO
6.       NYIRAYO
8.       JEBEL ONE
9.       GARGAR
10.    ALUR
11.    AJININA
12.    EKANA
13.    AGUR
14.    CHONA
16.    BOBI




( 19/05/2018)

8:30 AM TO 5:00 PM  



1.       ATIDO
2.       GETTE
3.       KAYANGO
4.       BARURUD



( 19/05/2018)

8:30 AM TO 4:30 PM  



2.       AJUGO
3.       DHEKOU
4.       ATHOR
5.       ALELTHONY
6.       GUMEL


( 20/05/2018)

8:30 AM TO 4:30 PM  


1.       ALEL CHOK
2.       THARKUENG
3.       MARIAL BAI
4.       NYINAKOK