On 12-15th February 2018 CARD in partnership with UNICEF distributed Students’ and teachers’ kits and School in-boxes in various schools around Wau.
By Riak Madut- Education Project Manager
The distribution of learning materials to vulnerable children came as result of the parents’ failure to afford to pay for their children’s learning requirements e.g. Exercise books, pens and etc among schools received were Masna Talip, Bilpam, Piantok. Adet, Alel chok, Marial Ajieth nad New Sites primary schools
Due to the economic crisis which has hit the country so badly to the point of buying exercise book became so difficult to most of the learners, as per now the cost of one exercise book in Wau ranges from 300 to 400 South Sudanese Pounds which make it too difficult for IDPs children to purchase and vulnerable marginalised community to afford. A part from the conditions they are in; what is even worse is, there are no exercise books in the market. One PTA member from Masna Talip IDP primary school said, Pinyi Akuar,
“At first the biggest challenge was school tuition fees, it was the obstacle that impeded our children’s school enrolment, but now the conditions at the issue of writing material has made everything worse than ever before, some IDPs parents who couldn’t afford to pay for their own school supplies. This includes pencils and books, as well as uniforms or appropriate clothing and shoes which has tripled the increment of children dropping out from schools among children.”
“Because most of the pupil’s parents are vulnerable, having lost their usual source of income, tend to have great difficulties in covering their children’s education requirement”.
The Masna Talip primary case is the same across the countrywide in many schools that were assessed by CARD and UNICEF, the lack of exercises and text books as well as the “decent” clothing and sanitary supplies has caused significant school absenteeism among girls, especially among adolescents. Whereas schools which were established by communities whatsoever; schools that had been established were found to lack the most basic supplies, such as blackboards, chalk, school benches, books, and even roofs.
Family’s poverty has driven many adolescent girls out of schools and into prostitution where they are at risk of trafficking. CARD in partnership with UNICEF is responding to this situation by supporting vulnerable children with writing materials to improve education systems and encourage children to learn.
On 5th February 2108 Christian Action for Relief and Development (CARD) conducted 3 days of teacher training in Masna Talip IDPs Primary school Wau.
By Riak Madut- Education Project Manager
The decades of civil war has left schools physical infrastructures in bad shape, the condition have been worsened by the ongoing conflict in the country. It’s estimated that over 1 Million children lack access to quality education in South Sudan because of ongoing conflict substantial numbers are internally displaced for these children not only is their educational development denied but also they are deprived of other important benefits as well. On the other hand, most of the IDPs teachers who are providing teaching, their standards are very low; most of them have only completed Primary School education and only 43.7% have had any teachers training.
It’s from this background that CARD conducted induction training for the teachers in order to ensure that IDPs volunteer teachers have the necessary information, knowledge or skills, techniques and methodologies in teaching to provide support and lifesaving information to emergency affected learners.
The capacity building was targeting IDPs teachers and PTAs in order to enhance their capacity
To address some of the critical protection principles and psycho-social support practices, child protection, child friendly space and other needs of the children
Too often, in war torn country education is treated as a secondary need, to be addressed only once conflicts have subsided, is when people will think of children’s education. Yet, conflicts and emergencies can go on for years or even decades, leaving many children to grow up without education as well as deprived of the protection and support that going to school can provide.
CARD in collaboration with UNICEF paid much attention to understanding and overcoming the barriers that not only IDPs children but also all the children who frequently face challenges in accessing their right to education.
In most cases; the IDPS Collective sites is where there is a massive demand for basic education among the young children who have been forced to fled away from their original homes to Camps due to ongoing conflict in the country.
The General Director for quality promotion and Innovation in the state Ministry of Education-Wau expressed an appreciation to CARD for the tremendous work the organization did in collected sites: “We the state ministry of education are very happy for this kind of training, the training will help the teachers offer quality education,” he said. In another development, Mrs.Lucy Kithoi Lomodong the Education Specialist-UNICEF also acknowledged that CARD has done great job such as renovating the schools, provision of school benches, and distribution of learning materials. Kithoi also promised that UNICEF will channel more funding to CARD in order to continue to support and improve school physical infrastructure not only in Mansa but also in Jur River County, Wau and beyond or particularly to the displaced children out of school.
CARD Executive Director Andrew Apiny Macham appreciated UNICEF for the support UNICEF has given to CARD since last year 2017 to support IDPs schools in the collected sites, he added that, “The only thing that south Sudan can do to bring sustainable peace and live transformation is education. Education is the powerful tool in which I called upon all teachers and parents, government to commit ourselves to invest our resources, times and energies in training and teaching of our children for better future and peaceful nation where everyone want to live”.
AN EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The emergency food relief assistance to vulnerable group’s project is funded by Norwegian Church Aid for period of two months. This report it covered February 2018 distribution did in two collected sites. The food relief assistance targeted 850 vulnerable individuals in the collective sites of Hai Masna and Hai Nazareth collected sites. The type of food assistance comprises of sorghum, Groundnuts and Dry fish were purchased and distributed to beneficiaries each received 12kg of sorghum and 2 kg of groundnut and 1kg of dry fish. The major project activities included identification, selection and registration of beneficiaries in the collective sites, the identification was based on vulnerability. But they include the following eg pregnant Women, Lactating Mothers, the elderly and Disable) within the Internally Displaced Collective sites of Hai Masna and Hai Nazareth. The report also contains the challenges and recommendations to the challenges.
BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION
Christian Action for Relief and Development (CARD), is development wing of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan a national organization funding by Norwegian Church Aid to provide Emergency Food relief Assistance to the most Vulnerable groups who are affected by ongoing crisis in the country, the internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the Collective sites were forced to flee their areas and came to Wau for their safety and protection. Most of this IDPs came various areas like Bazia, Atido, Nyigier, Maleng, Wadhalelo, Kuajieno, Roch Roch Doung and Wau itself settled in ECS Compound but later were relocated to by state government Hai Masna due to lack of space in addition to being near governor’s palace. The target group are food insecure as they depend entirely on Food Assistances from Actors because they are barred from accessing farm lands. NCA support CARD with financial support to support vulnerable group with emergency food relief assistance. The project’s activities majorly are Identification and Selection of most Vulnerable Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in the Collective Sites, Registration of Beneficiaries, Food distribution to the beneficiaries and Conducting Meetings with stakeholders and beneficiaries and food distribution.
Objectives of the Report
This is to update CARD on the progress of its Emergency Food Assistance project in Hai Masna and Hai Nazareth Collective Sites as it looks forward to protecting and recovering the most vulnerable groups affected by crisis against hunger, malnutrition and destitution.
Food distribution: achievements of the project activities
The food distribution took three days, two days in Hai Masna Collected site, one day in Nazareth sites: each beneficiaries received 12 kgs of sorghum, 8 kg of groundnut, 1kg of dry fish. The distribution was done by 6 staff from CARD, two person were collected the token card from beneficiaries before receiving food, the other two staff were controlling crowd along community crowd control and lining up beneficiaries the other two were monitoring, observing the food distribution and taking pictures as well. The general security situation during this period was calm community were very cooperating: there were only one case reported elderly who lost her food ration card prior to distribution and other two cases of two elders who were missed out during registration
1st Distribution Feb 2018
No. of Beneficiaries
Identification and Selection of Vulnerable Groups.
Women Development Group (WDG) and stakeholders (Camp Management, Chiefs) managed to identify were involved during registration and identification of 700 most Vulnerable individuals in the collective Site of Hai Masna and 150 in Hai Nazareth Collective site respectively.
Registration of Vulnerable Beneficiaries
A three day (26-28/02/2018) Beneficiary Registration was conducted by CARD in collaboration with Stakeholders in both Hai Masna and Nazareth collective centers. Although the population of the vulnerable individuals seems high due to influx of other individuals from Wau town, the Registration team prioritized the most Vulnerable IDPs who reside in the collective sites. A total of 850 vulnerable individuals were registered from the two collective Sites with 700 in Hai Masna and 150 in Hai Nazareth door to door Registration of vulnerable individuals conducted by CARD Staff
CARD Executive Director distributing Sorghum to beneficiaries in Nazareth Collective Site
Meeting with Interlocutors
Several meetings were held with the camp Management, Chiefs, Beneficiaries’ representatives and other Actors to discuss the progress of the project, its challenges and recommendations, a total of 9 meetings were conducted.
Due to random movement of the Vulnerable groups to and fro Wau, some of them missed the two days allocated for food distribution, prompting CARD to deliver again food after two days.
Influx of vulnerable individuals from Wau town to the collective Sites during registration and distribution making some of Vulnerable IDPs in the Collective sites to miss registration.
Due to limited resource, prior selection has to be done to the neediest and the crowd controllers should be hired during registration process to maintain order.
Once the two days for the distribution are communicated and distribution done, no more distribution day thereafter and this has to be made very clear to the beneficiaries.
At least three days should be allocated for registration so that much time is given for identification and selection of the right target group.
The chiefs, Community watch Groups should help CARD Scrutinise out individuals who do not belong to those collective sites so to give ways for the indigenous of those collective sites to benefit from the food assistance.
The IDPs in the collective sites appreciated the food assistance rendered by CARD to the vulnerable individuals in the community since it meets their needs during this difficult moment and hoped for the continuity of the assistance since they depend entirely on Relief in the eye of restricted access of farm lands.
CARD is implementing an emergency education project, the project is aimed to provide access to quality education to children affected by the conflict. CARD is establishing temporary learning spaces for 1000 displaced children in Hai Masna as well as provision of emergency teaching and learning materials to 1000 Primary school children.
Further implementing partner is building teachers and PTAs with capacity building on teaching skills in order to retain children in school. The training aims to equip teachers and PTAs to support learners’ psycho social needs and provide lifesaving information. PTA training aims to inform and reinforce their roles in school management and mobilization of children to go to schools. While at same time paying teachers incentives, this project is funded by UNICEF for the period of three months.
CARD is currently implementing food Security and Livelihood, though organization take different approach in Emergency Relief food Assistance, the organization is dealing or supporting particular vulnerable group and people with disabilities, these group include, elderly, pregnancy women, Lactating mothers, orphans and people with disabilities are being supporting with food as supplementary. This project has been funded by NCA Norwegian Church Aid and Barnaba’s Funds for period of 5months and the project is being implementing in five collected sites in Wau, these include Hai Massan, Catheral, Lokoloko, St, Joseph and Nazareth IDPs Camp.